DESDEMO examines how and to what extent socio-ecological inequality and injustice affect processes of substantive democratization. It seeks to answer this question by focusing on conflicts connected with these inequalities and injustices taking place in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) during 2000-2020. The research adopts a sociology-grounded political ecology approach within a long-term, comparative, inter- and transdiciplinary framework, involving close interaction and mutual learning with non-academic actors.